Periodontal disease is a common dental issue, affecting millions of people. Periodontal disease is characterized by a wide range of symptoms, from inflamed and red gums to bone loss. The prognosis of periodontal disease depends on how the individual cares for the gums and teeth, and the level of your dental hygiene may prevent periodontal disease.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is a severe infection of the gum which damages the gum and in some cases, the jawbone. There are two types of gum disease which are categorized as gum disease. They include the following.
Gingivitis occurs when bacteria accumulate around the gum tissue and teeth, resulting in inflammation. The condition is reversible and preventable by practicing good oral hygiene and undergoing professional dental care. Over time, untreated gingivitis would lead to periodontitis.
- Chronic periodontitis
Advanced gingivitis may lead to a more serious complication. When inflammation occurs due to untreated gingivitis, the immune system will release substances to breakdown the bone and connective gum tissues, leading to loss of the jawbone and teeth.
You cannot reverse chronic periodontitis, but stabilizing the condition is possible using a periodontal treatment such as root planing, scaling, pocket reduction surgery, and gum graft or laser therapy. Other treatment options include cosmetic procedures, tissue and bone grafting,
Symptoms and signs of periodontal diseases
Several symptoms indicate the occurrence of periodontal disease. However, most persons with periodontal disease do not know they suffer from the condition because they do not experience pain. Most people only begin to feel they have a dental issue when the condition has reached an advanced stage.
Here are some common symptoms associated with periodontal disease.
- Gum recession
- Bleeding or tender gums
- Loose teeth
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Inflamed or red gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Sensitive teeth
Common treatments for periodontal disease
Periodontal treatment aims to control the infection. The type of treatment and the number of treatment sessions will depend on the severity of the condition. However, good home oral hygienic practices are essential irrespective of the level of progress of the condition. Treatment may be more effective if you stop some habits like smoking.
The common periodontal treatments include:
- Deep cleaning
Deep cleaning involves scaling and root planing, which helps to remove accumulated plaque below the gum line. This treatment option helps to remove bacteria on the teeth to smooth rough areas of the teeth. Sometimes, deep cleaning involves laser treatment.
Medication may come alongside scaling and root planing. The combination of medication and deep cleaning is usually an alternative to surgery, especially when the gum disease has not developed into periodontitis. The medications administered include antibiotic gels, antimicrobial mouthwashes, and oral antibiotics.
The dentist may suggest surgery to control the infection if the condition has advanced to periodontitis. Surgery may include a flap procedure to help remove accumulated tartar from the gum pockets. Tissue and bone grafts are also a type of surgery or treatment of periodontal disease. The grafting usually helps in the regeneration of lost tissues and jawbone.
Tips to prevent periodontal disease
- Brush your teeth and tongue every day
Ensure you brush your teeth a minimum of two times a day. While brushing, ensure you give your tongue a good scrub and do not put excess pressure on your teeth. Try to get a toothbrush with soft bristles as hard-bristled toothbrushes can damage your enamel and gums.
- Floss daily
Get a floss and use it daily. Slide the floss gently between two teeth, then move the floss up and down your teeth. Ensure to dip the floss below your gum line.
- Use mouthwash
You can request for a mouthwash recommendation from your dentist. Antiseptic mouthwashes can help prevent bacterial infection and keep your breath fresh.
- Visit your dentist regularly
Ensure you schedule regular dental care visits with your dentist. Regular professional cleaning, at least every six months, will help prevent gingivitis.
You can get professional dental cleaning at Dental Hygienist London to prevent periodontal disease. Call 020 31375055 now to book an appointment for your professional dental cleaning.