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Know all about ports and cables

Cables and ports are essential parts of the computer system and are necessary while transferring data ( images, files, etc.) or sending signals. Ports are the slits in the motherboard, while cables are the external devices that are plugged into the motherboard through the ports. There are different types of cables and ports available in the market, depending on your need. Examples of cables are a mouse, microphone, loudspeakers, etc. Let’s read about some commonly used ports and cables available in the market in detail:


  1. USB (Type A, B & C) – Universal Serial Bus 

USB C is the latest and also most versatile port of computers. It only helps with the data transfer and gives power to the connecting devices when plugged into the switchboard.

  1. HDMI – High Definition Multimedia Interface

HDMI is the new type of part, and because of its varied number of properties, it is also in demand.

  1. Card Reader 

As suggested by the name, card reader ports help read the micro SD card or SIM Card.

  1. Thunderbolt 

It combines USB Type C and display ports. Other than transferring data, it is used for charging and connecting peripheral devices.

  1. VGA – Video Graphics Array 

VGA is the oldest port and is specifically used for video output in computers, television, or projectors.


  1. PS/2 Cable – Personal System/2 

It is a 6 pin cable device and is popularly known for connecting an old-fashioned keyboard, mouse, etc., with your device. For that, you can buy a new PS/2 to USB adapter and connect both the devices.

  1. DVI Cables – Digital Visual Interface

The DVI cables are f two types DVI –I & DVI-D, and the only point of difference between them is that the DVI-I has four extra points and is the only way to identify amongst two while seeing them physically. One end of the cable is connected to a video source, and the other is connected to a display device like a PC or projector.

  1. Ethernet Cables

Ethernet cables are commonly called networking cables and are wireless connectors. The ethernet cables provide:

  • The fastest data transmission facility.
  • Internet speed throughout the service.
  • Possibly the best line available in the economic range.
  1. HDMI Cables 

The HDMI cables are the better and the improved versions of all the wires, as mentioned earlier. After HDMI 2 cable, the resolution power is the game-changer. The newest variation of HDMI cables is the high speed hdmi cable 4k and 8k hdmi cable. The difference between them is that the 8k has an 8000 horizontal pixel count, and the 4k has 1080 pixels. People extensively use HDMI cables because of the larger bandwidth resulting in faster transmission of signals, higher working frequency, higher resolution power, less power consumption, comparatively more durable, and long life and manufacturing. These are slightly expensive but worth buying.


Nowadays there is a range of products available nearby. While buying any cable or port, the reasons to consider are the; several devices attached, power consumption, reliability, and output.

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