30-40% of non-cardiac chest pain arises from gastric disorders. Non-cardiac chest pain denotes the kind of pain a person experiences in their chest that is not caused by a heart disorder or attack. This type of pain generally arises from gastroesophageal reflux disease.
What Is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease?
Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD takes place when the stomach acid frequently flows up into a person’s mouth through their esophagus. This acid reflux can harm the lining of the Oesophagus in the long run.
What Causes An Acid Reflux?
When we swallow the food, the lower oesophageal sphincter which is a circular band-Like muscle at the bottom of the esophagus relaxes to allow the food to enter the stomach. The sphincter closes as soon as the food enters. In cases when the sphincter has lost its tightness or relaxes abnormally the acid present in the stomach can flow up into our mouth. If this happens often, the constant acid wash can irritate the lining of the esophagus. Get in touch with the best gastroenterologist in Kolkata in such cases. One can find on google and book an appointment by searching for “chest pain specialist near me”.
Symptoms Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Common signs of the reflux are –
- Chest pain
- A deep burning sensation in the chest spreads up to the throat which is also called heartburn. This occurs especially after the patient has a meal.
- Regurgitation of a sour and fizzy liquid
- Feeling the sensation of a lump stuck in the throat.
- Difficulty swallowing.
If the reflux occurs at night, the symptoms can be –
- Disrupted sleep
Factors That Can Contribute To A Person Having Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
- Hiatal hernia when the stomach bulges up into the diaphragm.
- Eating very late at night
- Intake of excessive alcohol
- Intake of excessive caffeine
- Intake of certain medications.
Complications That Can Arise If A Person Suffers From Gerd For A Long Time
- Barrett’s esophagus – the frequent acid reflux can cause changes in the and irritate the lower esophagus which can lead to the risk of having oesophageal cancer.
- Oesophageal ulcer – the stomach acid is strong enough to cause wear and tear in the tissue in the esophagus which can cause an open sore or wound. The sore can bleed and get infected making it very difficult for the patient to swallow.
- Oesophageal stricture – due to the damage inflicted by the stomach acid on the lower esophagus, it starts forming scar tissues. These tissues narrow the space making less and less space for the food to pass. This can lead to the person having problems with swallowing and losing appetite.
- Sinusitis – sometimes the acid can travel up to the nose via the winding track and trigger the sinuses. This occurs when the patient might be lying down or asleep. The acid inflames the sinus linings causing complications.
- Ulcers- the stomach acid is strong enough to erode the lining of the esophagus causing ulcers. Ulcers are open sores that can bleed and get infected if not treated.
- Asthma – GERD can lead to the reflux of acid into the air tracts leading to choking, difficulty in breathing, or even pneumonia. It can trigger asthma in adults and even worsen due to certain asthma medications.
Lifestyle changes are the best treatment for GERD. Making small changes in how one spends their day can show evidently big results. Antacids are also very important but for that one needs to consult a doctor. Get in touch with the best gastroenterologist in Kolkata. One can find on google and book an appointment by searching for “chest pain specialist near me” to quickly resolve gastric issues that lead to chest pain.